Vitus, a pintérek védőszentje tiszteletére írt mártírdráma jellegzetességei és forrásai Csíksomlyón (1774)

Medgyesy S., Norbert (2021) Vitus, a pintérek védőszentje tiszteletére írt mártírdráma jellegzetességei és forrásai Csíksomlyón (1774) In: Dulce et utile – Tanulmányok Pintér Márta Zsuzsanna 60. születésnapjára. Eger, Eszterházy Károly Katolikus Egyetem Líceum Kiadó. pp. 173-195.

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This paper examines the martyr play Innocentia benefica castitatis coronata seu Tragico‑Comoedia de Sancto Vito Martyre by Franciscan teacher József Vitus Ferenczi (1745–1797). The four-act school drama in Hungarian and Latin, extant in the manuscript Actiones Comicae, complete with Chorus movements, was performed on May 21, 1774, the Saturday of Pentecost, at Csíksomlyó [Șumuleu Ciuc], for the pilgrims arriving for the Great Feast. Its protagonist is St Vitus (Vid, Veit, Gui, Guy; †303/304; feast day: June 15), a teenage youth, a martyr from Sicily, who is the patron saint of young students and is invoked especially in times of sickness and epidemics. The source of the text is the collection Legenda aurea sanctorum (1261–1266) compiled by Dominican monk Jacobus de Voragine, whose 1489, 1502, and 1512 editions were available in 1774 at the monastery of Csíksomlyó. In both the Legenda aurea and the Csíksomlyó play, we read stories of Vitus being admonished by his father with a beating, the hands of the governor Valerian and his henchman withering and then healed at the prayer of Vitus, the temptation of the maidens, the appearance of angels believed to be gods at Vitus’ side, and the blindness and healing of Valerian, as well as the healing of the son of the Emperor Diocletian. Specifically Csíksomlyó inventions: the role of Mater, Vid’s mother, who goes in search of her son using the idioms of the lament of the Virgin Mary in local Passion plays from the 18th century; and the unrepentant and cruel figure of Vitus’ father Hylas, who even scourges his own son. The play presents Vitus as a sincere believer, forgiving his tormentors, a determined, sometimes reckless youth who goes to pray when tempted by girls. Written in honour of his own patron saint, Vitus Ferenczi’s play emphasises the godparenthood of Crescentia and Modestus more strongly than the Legenda aurea and embellishes the story by including Nair, Araches, and the Famuli and by naming the son of Emperor Diocletian as Haerulus. The Csíksomlyó production could not have been modelled on either Baronius Caesar’s Martyrologium Romanum (1583) or the two biographies of Vitus and his relics in the Bollandist Acta Sanctorum (Antwerp, 1698) because these were not available in the Csíksomlyó library, steadily expanding since the 15th century. Without published copies, but with significant differences in the plot, English Jesuit Emmanuel Lobb’s (as Joseph Simons, 1594–1671) Vitus, sive Christiana fortitudo (1623; published in Josephi Simonis Angli e Societate Jesu Tragoediae quinque, 1656) could not have been a prototype for Ferenczi, either. In addition to the Franciscan Vitus play of Csíksomlyó, three Jesuit Vid plays are known from 17th and 18th-century Hungary (Kolozsvár [Cluj], 1649; Buda, 1749; Nagyszombat [Trnava], 1751), but with no extant texts and playbills, it is not possible to compare them with the Csíksomlyó text

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Nyelv: magyar
DOI azonosító: 10.46403/Dulceetutile.2021.173
ISBN: 978-963-496-221-2
Felhasználó: Tibor Gál
Dátum: 02 Dec 2021 07:49
Utolsó módosítás: 02 Dec 2021 07:49
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